The law provides employees with a multitude of rights and entitlements at work. These rights apply to how they are disciplined and dismissed, how their grievances are handled and how their wages, absence from work is dealt with. There are employee rights relating to holidays, work breaks and working hours, time off for family emergencies, maternity and paternity leave and the right to apply for flexible working, redundancy and retirement. In addition all workers have the right not to be discriminated against in relation to their sex, race, age, disabilities, sexual orientation or religion and beliefs and not to suffer bullying or harassment at work.
When these rights are denied, an employee may seek redress by making an application to an industrial tribunal. The tribunal has power to order reinstatement in cases of unfair dismissal or significant amounts in compensation. Applications must, however, be made within 3 months of the event.